Infant and Child Safety Tips

Electric Shock and Fall Prevention

Electric Shock Prevention

Many household outlets and cords are right at a toddler's eye level. Protect your child from electric shock by following these safety rules:

  • Cover all unused outlets with safety caps.
  • Unplug all kitchen appliances when not in use, and keep cords far from reach.
  • Unplug all bathroom appliances (hair dryers, curling irons, electric razors) when not in use.
  • Position television and stereo equipment against walls, so small hands don't have access to the back surfaces or cords. 
  • To prevent injury from chewing on cords from lamps or other electrical equipment, bind excess cord with a twist-tie. You can also purchase a holder or spool specially designed to hide extra cord. 
  • Make sure all wires in the house are properly insulated. 
  • Check electronic toys frequently for signs of wear and tear; any object that sparks, feels hot, or smells unusual must be repaired or discarded immediately.
  • Seasonal lighting, such as Christmas tree lights, can pose an especially inviting hazard. Make sure all wires are properly insulated, bind excess cord, and unplug all lights when they are not in use.

Fall Prevention

Babies and infants can be wiggly and roll around easily; toddlers and small children can climb their way into trouble. Protect your children from falls by paying special attention to windows, cribs and beds, different areas of the house, and outdoor playgrounds.

Baby walkers pose a special risk:

  • Babies in walkers can fall over objects, can roll into hot stoves, pools, and heaters; most dangerously, they can roll down stairs where a baby is at risk of head injury at the bottom.
  • Walkers may give a baby the momentum needed to break through a gate (sometimes with stairs on the other side), something that results in head injuries to thousands of babies each year.
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) discourages their use.



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