Previous projects, include:
- 1987: A one-time nourishment project was conducted in April through June of 1987 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to address the erosion of the Key Biscayne shoreline.
- 2002:A comprehensive beach restoration project that included the installation of dunes anchored by native dune plantings along the length of the Village beach. Dunes help to retain sand on the beach that would have normally blown away during storms. This, in turn, prevents sand loss to the entire beach system while increasing protection to the uplands from waves and storm surge. Well-established dunes help to directly buffet and impede storm surge, thus protecting beachfront property, as well as inland infrastructure, from low and medium storm surges. The increased beach area provides expanded potential nesting habitat for threatened and endangered sea turtles. People and associated recreational activities are also supported.
- 2008 "Hot Spot": In response to erosion from 2005 hurricanes, the Village implemented a dune restoration project within erosion "hot spot" areas in the vicinity of the Silver Sands and Sonesta hotels and in the vicinity of Ocean Club and the Beach Club. Approximately 3,800 cubic yards (5,700 tons; 253 truckloads) of beach-compatible fill was truck-hauled to the dune areas and placed above the Mean High Water (MHW) line into the authorized beach fill template. Native dune vegetation was planted to stabilize the newly placed dunes, and the project was completed in April 2008. The design, permitting and construction was funded 100% by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
- 2007 Dune Maintenance: The Village conducted dune maintenance which included the removal of exotic vegetation and planting of appropriate native dune vegetation.
- 2012: Approximately 37,500 cy of sand was placed between R101+300 and R-107+600 from an upland sand mine. The renourishment project was undertaken to renourish erosion that occurred from Hurricane Sandy. This project was funded by FEMA as an Engineered Beach.
- 2017: Approximately 26,100 cy of sand was placed between R101+750 and R107+750 due to impacts from Hurricane Matthew. Funding reimbursement was obtained through FDEP.
Image source: Key Biscayne Beach Management Feasibility Study, Village of Key Biscayne, Miami-Dade County, Florida, February, 2018, Prepared by: Moffatt & Nichol and EAC Consulting